1. Infrastructure is the leading development sector stated by the government to enhance the economy. Public investment in transportation represented 14.4% of total non-mining FDI in 2021.
2. According to the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Index 2019, Colombia is ranked fourth in Latin America. The ranking highlights the high potential in infrastructure development, evidenced in an investment opportunity by 2035 of around USD 60,000 million in road infrastructure, USD 5,700 million in airport expansion projects, USD 3,400 million in the rehabilitation of rail infrastructure, USD 1,600 Million in river infrastructure, and USD 433 Million in port infrastructure.
3. The primary mechanism defined for the development of infrastructure in Colombia since 2012 is the Public-Private Partnerships - PPP (Law 1508 of 2012).
4. The National Infrastructure Agency – ANI launched the first wave of 5G projects as a reactivation strategy of the economy, including 14 initiatives in the road network, railway, airport, and fluvial infrastructure. The investments will reach an estimated USD 5.9 billion and around 635.000 employees. The second wave of 5G projects, the National Infrastructure Agency – ANI includes 12 initiatives in road network, airport, and fluvial infrastructure. The investments will reach an estimated value of USD 7.7 Billion.
5. These developments are planned with two fundamental axes: completing the key corridors of foreign trade and connecting the country with multimodality from north to south. The 5G Projects will be based on 4 pillars: environmental sustainability, social sustainability, financial sustainability, and institutional sustainability.
6. Colombia has a dynamic infrastructure secondary market2, which allows the entry of Foreign Investment Capital Funds into ongoing projects with stable and safe profitability.